Waves (review)

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Video: Stadium Wave
Video: How do rainbows form?
Video: Refraction of light experiment

Earthquakes

Link to Nova's Documentary on Japan's Killer Quake (shown in class 9/8 & 9/9)
Waves Transfer Energy
Earthquake Quiz
Earthquake Simulation (click on seismograph icon on the top of the page for "Earthquakes")
Brainpop (Login = karrerteacher; Password = karrer... search for Earthquakes)
Video: On Shaky Ground, The 1989 San Francisco Earthquake
Video: Energy Comes in Waves
Video: Seismic Waves Music Video (to the tune, "Silver Bells")
Video: Seismic Waves Rap
Extension: Three Earthquake Dolls
EXTRA CREDIT - Extension: Virtual Earthquake
Extension - Reading the children's book, "Earthquakes!" (available in the classroom)
Song: Rock Moves Aside
Song: It's An Earthquake

Earthquake Big Idea Questions and Resources to Get The Questions Answered
The numbers in parenthesis indicate which big idea questions that resources will address... Note that some will answer more than one!

1. What is an earthquake?
Use terms energy transfer, potential & kinetic energy in your answer
The Physics Classroom - Waves (1, 2, 3)
Video: Khan Academy Explains Seismic Waves (1, 2, 3)
Video: What causes earthquakes? (1, 2)
The Anatomy of a Tsunami (click "Launch Interactive") (1, 2)
Video: "Earthquakes" from Teacher's Domain (1, 2)
Video: Predicting Earthquakes (1, 2)
Video: San Francisco (1, 2, 3)
Video: What is an Earthquake? (shown in class on 9/11) (1, 3 and some of 3 & 4)

2. What causes earthquakes?
Use terms wave, vibration & potential energy in your answer.
The Physics Classroom - Waves (1, 2, 3)
Video: Khan Academy Explains Seismic Waves (1, 2, 3)
The Anatomy of a Tsunami (click "Launch Interactive") (1, 2)
Video: What causes earthquakes? (1, 2)
Video: "Earthquakes" from Teacher's Domain (1, 2)
Video: Predicting Earthquakes (1, 2)
Video: San Francisco (1, 2, 3)

3. Seismic waves travel in all directions, even through Earth. How does that work?
Use terms focus & epicenter in your answer... Include a diagram with both terms labeled as well.
How do waves transfer energy? (green dots) (3)
The Physics Classroom - Waves (1, 2, 3)
Video: Seismic Waves (3, 6)
Video: Khan Academy Explains Seismic Waves (1, 2, 3, 6)
Video: What causes earthquakes? (1, 2, 6)
Video: The Seismograph (3, 4, 6)
Video: San Francisco (1, 2, 3, 6)
Animation & Explanation: How Stuff Works: Earthquakes (3, 6)
Animation of an Alaskan Earthquake (3, 6)

4. How do we know how strong an earthquake is?
Use terms magnitude, Richter, Moment... Explain the most current system and explain how it differs from the other.
Video: The Seismograph (3, 4)
Reading from the Textbook, "Inside Earth" on how earthquakes are measured, pp. 54-56 (4)
Website: Richter and Moment Magnitude Explained (USGS) (4)
Website: Mercalli Explained (USGS) (4)
Website: Richter, Moment & Mercalli Scales Explained (UPSeis) (4)
Website: The Mercalli Scale (UPSeis) (4)
Website: Richter vs. Moment Magnitude (Kids-Fun-Science) (4)

5. Where do earthquakes happen?
Use the term fault... Include mention of patterns of where they occur both inside and outside the USA. Provide reasons why they may happen in Ohio that relate to fracking.
Real Time Earthquake (5)
Article in the Classroom, "The Other Fault Lines" (5)
Articles in the Classroom on Earthquakes in Ohio, "When will the next 'quake hit Ohio?" and "Tracking Tremors" (5)
Website: Fracking (from USGS) (5)
Website: What is Fracking? (EPA) (5)
Website: The Seismic Link Between Fracking and Earthquakes (Time) (5)
Video: What is Fracking? (National Geographic) (5)
Video: Los Angeles (5)
Top Ten Lists (5)

6. Describe the kinds of waves that earthquakes produce.
Use terms Primary (P), Secondary (S), and Surface Waves.
Video: Seismic Waves (3)
Video: Khan Academy Explains Seismic Waves (1, 2, 3)
Video: What causes earthquakes? (1, 2)
Video: The Seismograph (3, 4)
Video: San Francisco (1, 2, 3)
Video: Seismic Waves Music Video (to the tune, "Silver Bells") (6)
Video: Seismic Waves Rap (6)
Animation & Explanation: How Stuff Works: Earthquakes (3, 6)
Animation of an Alaskan Earthquake (3, 6)
Animations of P, S, Surface (Both Love and Rayleigh) Waves (6)
Animations of P, S, Surface Waves (6) - need to click on diagram to get animation
Animations of P and S Waves (6)

Seismic Waves Map Earth's Interior

Activities for class Thursday (9/11)
Part 1 from the textbook
Part 2 - Little Green Dots
Part 3 - Seismic Waves Map Earth's Interior

Layers of the Earth

Video: Layers of the Earth Rap ("Crust and Mantle")
Video: Another Layers of the Earth Rap ("Throw Your Hands Up")
How Do We Know About Earth's Interior?

Density

Brainpop's Episode on Measuring Matter (Login = karrerteacher; Password = karrer)
Video: Nine Amazing Layers
Video: Nine Amazing Layers Explained (only 7 in the container though)
Interactive Lab
Phet Density Simulation interactive lab

Convection Currents

Heat Transfer Background Information
Video: Lava Lamp
Video: Lava Lamp Explained
Video: Convection Currents in the Mantle (including demonstration using a thin aquarium)
Video: Khan Academy Explains Convection in the Mantle
Video: Changing Earth Song
Video: Heat Transfer Song